International Science Index


10009057

Ultrasound Assisted Extraction and Microwave Assisted Extraction of Carotenoids from Melon Shells

Abstract:Cantaloupes (muskmelon and watermelon) contain biologically active molecules such as carotenoids which are natural pigments used as food colorants and afford health benefits. ß-carotene is the major source of carotenoids present in muskmelon and watermelon shell. Carotenoids were extracted using Microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and Ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) utilising organic lipophilic solvents such as acetone, methanol, and hexane. Extraction conditions feed-solvent ratio, microwave power, ultrasound frequency, temperature and particle size were varied and optimized. It was found that the yield of carotenoids was higher using UAE than MAE, and muskmelon had the highest yield of carotenoids when was ethanol used as a solvent for 0.5 mm particle size.
References:
[1] Beatrice Gleize, Marlene Steib, Marc Andre, Emmanuelle Reboul (2012), ‘Simple and fast HPLC method for simultaneous determination of retinol, tocopherols, coenzyme Q10 and carotenoids in complex samples’, Food chemistry, Vol:134, pp:2560-2564.
[2] Gil-Chavez G. J, Villa J. A, Ayala-Zavala J. F, Heredia J. B., Sepulveda D., Yahia, E.M. (2013), ‘Technologies for extraction and production of bioactive compounds to be used as nutraceuticals and food ingredients: an overview’, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, Vol:12, pp:5–23.
[3] SladjanaStajcic, Gordana C etkovic, Jasna C anadanovic´-Brunet, Sonja Djilas, AnamarijaMandic, Dragana C etojevic´-Simin (2015), ‘Tomato waste:Carotenoids content, antioxidant and cell growth activities’, Food Chemistry, Vol:172, pp:225-232.
[4] Ana Bucic-Kojic, Mirela Planinic, Srecko Tomas, Lidijajakobek, Marijan Seruga (2009), ‘Influence of solvent and temperature on extraction of phenolic compounds from grape seed, antioxidant activity and colour of extract’, Food Science and technology, Vol:44, pp:2394-2401.
[5] Chetan Paliwal, Tonmoy Ghosh, Basil George, Imran Pancha, Rahulkumar Maurya, Kaumeel Chokshi , Arup Ghosh , Sandhya Mishra (2016), ‘Microalgal carotenoids: Potential nutraceutical compounds with chemotaxonomic importance’, Algal Research, Vol:15, pp:24-31.
[6] Mani S, Jaya S, Vadivambal R (2007), ‘Optimization of solvent extraction of moringa seed kernel oil using response surface methodology’, Food and Bioproducts Processing, Vol:85, pp:328-335.
[7] Supradip Saha, Suresh Walia, Aditi Kundu, khushbu Sharma, Ranjitkumarpaul (2015), ‘optimal extraction and fingerprinting of carotenoids by accelerated solvent extraction and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry’, Food Chemistry, Vol:177, pp:360-375.