International Science Index


10008759

Emulation of a Wind Turbine Using Induction Motor Driven by Field Oriented Control

Abstract:

This paper concerns with the modeling, simulation, and emulation of a wind turbine emulator for standalone wind energy conversion systems. By using emulation system, we aim to reproduce the dynamic behavior of the wind turbine torque on the generator shaft: it provides the testing facilities to optimize generator control strategies in a controlled environment, without reliance on natural resources. The aerodynamic, mechanical, electrical models have been detailed as well as the control of pitch angle using Fuzzy Logic for horizontal axis wind turbines. The wind turbine emulator consists mainly of an induction motor with AC power drive with torque control. The control of the induction motor and the mathematical models of the wind turbine are designed with MATLAB/Simulink environment. The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the induction motor control system and the functionality of the wind turbine emulator for providing all necessary parameters of the wind turbine system such as wind speed, output torque, power coefficient and tip speed ratio. The findings are of direct practical relevance.

References:
[1] A. V. A. Macêdo, W. S. Mota, and S. Member, “Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Control Using Fuzzy Logic,” pp. 1–6, 2012.
[2] H. M. Kojabadi and L. Chang, “Wind Turbine Simulators,” Wind Turbines, pp. 163–174, 2011.
[3] M. Arifujjaman, « Emulation of a small wind turbine system with a separately-excited Dc machine », IU-Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, 2012.
[4] S. Kumsup, C. Tarasantisuk, « Real-time wind turbine emulator for testing wind energy conversion systems », in IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition, 2010, p. 7–9.
[5] W. Li, D. Xu, W. Zhang, H. Ma, « Research on wind turbine emulation based on DC motor », in 2nd IEEE Conference Industrial Electronics and Applications, 2007, p. 2589–2593.
[6] H. Wu, M. Ding, « Modeling and control of distribution system with wind turbine generators », in Third International Conference Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, 2008, p. 2498–2503.
[7] L. Guangchen, W. Shengtie, Z. Jike, « Design and Realization of DC Motor and Drives Based Simulator for Small Wind Turbine », in Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference ,2010, p. 1–4.
[8] V. Akhmatov, Variable-speed Wind Turbines with Doubly-fed Induction Generators – Part I: Modelling in Dynamic Simulation Tools. Wind Engineering,
[S.l.], vol. 26, no. 2, p. 85-108, 2002.
[9] S. Kouadria, S. Belfedhal and Y. Meslem, “Development of Real Time Wind Turbine Emulator Based on DC Motor Controlled by Hysteresis Regulator”, IEEE International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC’13), 7-9 March 2013, pp. 246-250, Ouarzazate.
[10] K. Han and G. zhu Chen, “A novel control strategy of wind turbine MPPT implementation for direct-drive PMSG wind generation imitation platform,” IEEE 6th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2009, pp. 2255–2259, 2009.
[11] J.M. Nye, J.G. Bat, M.A. Khan and P. Barendse, “Design and Implementation of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine Emulator”, IEEE 20th International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM’12), 2-5 September 2012, pp. 2060-2065, Marseille.
[12] Hardy, T., & Jewell, “Emulation of a 1.5 mw wind turbine with a dc motor” Power and energy society general meeting, 2011 ieee (pp. 1–8).
[13] Martinello, D., Carati, E. G., da Costa, J. P., Cardoso, R., & Stein, C. M., “Emulation of wind turbines” Wind turbines-design, control and applications, InTech 2016.
[14] L. Benaaouinate, M. Khafallah, A. Mesbahi, A. Martinez, and T. Bouragba, “Emulation of a Wind Turbine with a DC Motor controlled by Fuzzy Logic controller,” vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 97–101, 2017.