Collaborative Implementation of Master Plans in Afghanistan's Context Considering Land Readjustment as Case Study
Abstract:There is an increasing demand for developing urban
land to provide better living conditions for all citizens in Afghanistan.
Most of the development will involve the acquisition of land. And the
current land acquisition method practiced by central government is
expropriation, which is a cash-based transaction method that imposes
heavy fiscal burden on local municipalities and central government,
and it does not protect ownership rights and social equity of
landowners besides it relocates the urban poor to remote areas with
limited access to jobs and public services. The questionnaire analysis,
backed by observations of different case studies in countries where
land readjustment is used as a collaborative land development tool
indicates that the method plays a key role in valuing landowners’
rights, giving other community members and stakeholders the
opportunity to collaboratively implement urban development
projects. The practice of the method is reducing the heavy fiscal
burden on the local and central governments and is a better option to
deal with the current development challenges in Afghanistan.
 Alain Bertaud 2005. Urban Land Management in Afghanistan Kabul
Urban Development Current city structure, spatial issues,
recommendations on urban planning.
 Daniel Esser 2009. Who Governs Kabul? Explaining Urban Politics in a
Post-War Capital City.
 Jo Beall and Daniel Esser 2005. Shaping Urban Futures: Challenges to
Governing and Managing Afghan Cities.
 Pamela A. Hunte 2004. Some Notes on the Livelihoods of the Urban
Poor in Kabul, Afghanistan.
 Un Habitat 2003. Preliminary Study of Land Tenure Issues in Urban
Afghanistan with Special Reference with Kabul City.
 Yu-Hung Hong 2007. Assembling Land for Urban Development Issues
 Tae-Il Lee 2002. Land Readjustment in Korea.
 Kiyotaka Hayashi Land Readjustment in International Perspectives:
Applicability and Constraints of Technology Transfer in Urban
 R. W. Archer 1992. Introducing the Urban Land Pooling/Readjustment
Technique into Thailand to Improve Urban Development and Land
 Haruo Nagamine 1986. The Land Readjustment Techniques of Japan.
 B. Uzun 2009. Using Land Readjustment Method as an Effective Urban
Land Development Tool in Turkey.
 Sevkiye Sence Turk 2007. An analysis on the efficient applicability of
the land readjustment (LR) method in Turkey.
 George W. Liebmann 1998. Land Readjustment for America:
 Ling-Hin Li and Xin Li 2006. Land Readjustment: An Innovative Urban
Experiment in China.