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Definition and Context of Plagiarism
Respecting intellectual property rights is a foundational principle of the IUST.ORG's Codes of Ethics. Plagiarism, in which one misrepresents ideas, words, computer codes or other creative expression as one's own, is a clear violation of such ethical principles. Plagiarism can also represent a violation of copyright law, punishable by statute. Plagiarism manifests itself in a variety of forms, including
Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's paper;
Copying elements of another author's paper, such as equations or illustrations that are not common knowledge, or copying or purposely paraphrasing sentences without citing the source; and
Verbatim copying of portions of another author's paper with citing but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g., not applying quotation marks correctly) and/or not citing the source correctly.
Self-plagiarism is a related issue. In this document we define self-plagiarism as the verbatim or near-verbatim reuse of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source. Note that self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously copyrighted work (e.g., appearing in a conference proceedings) where an explicit reference is made to the prior publication. Such reuse does not require quotation marks to delineate the reused text but does require that the source be cited.
All authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of papers published by IUST.ORG. Hence, it is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to IUST.ORG attain the highest ethical standards with respect to plagiarism.
IUST.ORG place the investigation of each claim of plagiarism at the highest priority for resolution and action.
IUST.ORG is committed to the principle that all persons shall have equal access to programs, facilities, services, and employment without regard to personal characteristics not related to ability, performance, or qualifications as determined by IUST.ORG policy and/or applicable laws.
IUST.ORG prohibits discrimination, harassment and bullying against any person because of age, ancestry, color, disability or handicap, national origin, race, religion, gender, sexual or affectional orientation, gender identity, appearance, matriculation, political affiliation, marital status, veteran status or any other characteristic protected by law. IUST.ORG expects that its employees, volunteers, members, and other constituents of the IUST.ORG, when and where ever those individuals are conducting IUST.ORG business or participating in IUST.ORG events or activities, shall maintain an environment free of discrimination, including harassment, bullying, or retaliation.
Discrimination is defined as treating people differently, either preferentially or with adverse impact, because they have similar characteristics or because they are from specific groups, unless differential treatment is reasonable, essential and directly related to conducting IUST.ORG business.
Harassment is one form of discrimination. Harassment is defined as conduct that has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's participation in IUST.ORG activities or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment. Harassment occurs when submission to or rejection of such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's participation in IUST.ORG activities or used as a basis for decisions affecting that individual’s relationship to the IUST.ORG.
Bullying is one form of harassment. Bullying consists of waging an ongoing and systematic campaign of interpersonal destruction against an individual or group of individuals that a reasonable person would find hostile, offensive and unrelated to an IUST.ORG’s legitimate business interests on the basis of one of the protected classes above. It tends to be an accumulation of many incidences over a long period of time, including treatment which persistently provokes, pressures, frightens, intimidates or otherwise discomforts another person.
Retaliation is defined as punitive actions taken against persons for exercising their employee or other rights under the laws in good faith, reporting violations of the laws to the proper authorities (i.e. “whistle-blowing”) and/or participating in administrative or legal proceedings as a plaintiff. complainant or witness.
Mediation and Enforcement:
The IUST.ORG Human Resources Department shall have the primary responsibility for oversight of this policy including resolving complaints of discrimination, harassment, bullying, and retaliation. Any person who believes that he or she has been the victim of illegal discrimination or harassment should contact IUST.ORG Staff Director – Human Resources, from contact form.
An investigation shall be conducted to reach a determination on the merits of allegations. Such an investigation may be conducted by IUST.ORG staff, legal counsel, volunteers, private investigators or other individuals deemed qualified to do so. If there is evidence of discrimination, harassment, bullying, and/or retaliation, IUST.ORG shall make every reasonable effort to ensure the discrimination, harassment, bullying or retaliation immediately stops and does not recur. The complainant shall be informed of the corrective measures taken. Disciplinary sanctions for violation of policy, which may range from disciplinary warning to termination or expulsion from IUST.ORG, will be imposed in accordance with applicable IUST.ORG policies. The IUST.ORG President shall be informed of all allegations. If the complaint is against the IUST.ORG President then the IUST.ORG Board of Directors shall be informed.
IUST.ORG prohibits retaliation and discourages any behavior that might be perceived as retaliatory in nature. Retaliation shall constitute a separate violation and may result in a sanction independent of the outcome of a complaint.
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What information we collect and why we collect it.
How we use that information.
The choices we offer, including how to access and update information.
We’ve tried to keep it as simple as possible, but if you’re not familiar with terms like cookies, IP addresses, pixel tags and browsers, then read about these key terms first. Your privacy matters to IUST.ORG.org so whether you are new to IUST.ORG.org or a long-time user, please do take the time to get to know our practices – and if you have any questions contact us.
Information we collect
We collect information to provide better services to all of our users – from figuring out basic stuff like which language you speak, to more complex things like which ads you’ll find most useful or the people who matter most to you online.
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Information we get from your use of our services. We may collect information about the services that you use and how you use them, like when you visit a website that uses our advertising services or you view and interact with our ads and content. This information includes:
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We may collect and store information (including personal information) locally on your device using mechanisms such as browser web storage (including HTML 5) and application data caches.
Cookies and anonymous identifiers
How we use information we collect
We use the information we collect from all of our services to provide, maintain, protect and improve them, to develop new ones, and to protect IUST.ORG.org and our users. We also use this information to offer you tailored content – like giving you more relevant search results and ads.
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We use information collected from cookies and other technologies, like pixel tags, to improve your user experience and the overall quality of our services. For example, by saving your language preferences, we’ll be able to have our services appear in the language you prefer. When showing you tailored ads, we will not associate a cookie or anonymous identifier with sensitive categories, such as those based on race, religion, sexual orientation or health.
We may combine personal information from one service with information, including personal information, from other IUST.ORG.org services – for example to make it easier to share things with people you know. We will not combine DoubleClick cookie information with personally identifiable information unless we have your opt-in consent.
IUST.ORG.org processes personal information on our servers in many countries around the world. We may process your personal information on a server located outside the country where you live.
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People have different privacy concerns. Our goal is to be clear about what information we collect, so that you can make meaningful choices about how it is used. For example, you can:
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Information you share
Many of our services let you share information with others. Remember that when you share information publicly, it may be indexable by search engines, including IUST.ORG.org. Our services provide you with different options on sharing and removing your content.
Accessing and updating your personal information
Whenever you use our services, we aim to provide you with access to your personal information. If that information is wrong, we strive to give you ways to update it quickly or to delete it – unless we have to keep that information for legitimate business or legal purposes. When updating your personal information, we may ask you to verify your identity before we can act on your request.
We may reject requests that are unreasonably repetitive, require disproportionate technical effort (for example, developing a new system or fundamentally changing an existing practice), risk the privacy of others, or would be extremely impractical (for instance, requests concerning information residing on backup tapes).
Where we can provide information access and correction, we will do so for free, except where it would require a disproportionate effort. We aim to maintain our services in a manner that protects information from accidental or malicious destruction. Because of this, after you delete information from our services, we may not immediately delete residual copies from our active servers and may not remove information from our backup systems.
Information we share
We do not share personal information with companies, organizations and individuals outside of IUST.ORG.org unless one of the following circumstances apply:
With your consent
We will share personal information with companies, organizations or individuals outside of IUST.ORG.org when we have your consent to do so. We require opt-in consent for the sharing of any sensitive personal information.
With domain administrators
If your IUST.ORG.org Account is managed for you by a domain administrator (for example, for IUST.ORG.org Apps users) then your domain administrator and resellers who provide user support to your organization will have access to your IUST.ORG.org Account information (including your email and other data). Your domain administrator may be able to:
view statistics regarding your account, like statistics regarding applications you install.
change your account password.
suspend or terminate your account access.
access or retain information stored as part of your account.
receive your account information in order to satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request.
restrict your ability to delete or edit information or privacy settings.
For external processing
For legal reasons
We will share personal information with companies, organizations or individuals outside of IUST.ORG.org if we have a good-faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of the information is reasonably necessary to:
meet any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request.
enforce applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations.
detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues.
protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of IUST.ORG.org, our users or the public as required or permitted by law.
We may share aggregated, non-personally identifiable information publicly and with our partners – like publishers, advertisers or connected sites. For example, we may share information publicly to show trends about the general use of our services.
We work hard to protect IUST.ORG.org and our users from unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure or destruction of information we hold. In particular:
We encrypt many of our services using SSL.
We offer you two step verification when you access your IUST.ORG.org Account, and a Safe Browsing feature in IUST.ORG.org web site.
We review our information collection, storage and processing practices, including physical security measures, to guard against unauthorized access to systems.
We restrict access to personal information to IUST.ORG.org employees, contractors and agents who need to know that information in order to process it for us, and who are subject to strict contractual confidentiality obligations and may be disciplined or terminated if they fail to meet these obligations.
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Open Access stands for unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse. All manuscripts submitted to IUST.ORG are assumed to be submitted under the open access publishing model without any article processing and publication charges. In the open access publishing model, papers are peer-reviewed in the normal way under scientific editorial control. When a paper is accepted for publication, published paper appears electronically and is freely available from website at no cost. Authors may also use their published .pdf's for any non-commercial use on their personal or non-commercial institution's website. IUST.ORG applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to works we publish. This license was developed to facilitate open access – namely, free immediate access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types. Under this license, authors agree to make articles legally available for reuse, without permission or fees, for virtually any purpose. Anyone may copy, distribute, or reuse these articles, as long as the author and original source are properly cited.